Barbara Hepworth 1903-1975

Works
Biography

 

Widely recognised as one of Britain’s greatest sculptors of the 20th century, Barbara Hepworth was born in Wakefield in 1903. She began her training in 1920 at the Leeds School of Art followed by the Royal College of Art where she met Henry Moore.

 

Hepworth’s marriage to the sculptor John Skeaping in 1925 led to an exploration of Florence and Rome. Upon their return to London they joined the London Group and Seven and Five Society, placing them at the forefront of the new movement in sculpture.

 

In 1931 Hepworth met Ben Nicholson. Soon after, Hepworth amicably divorced Skeaping. Nicholson and Hepworth held a joint exhibition at Tooth’s gallery in 1932 exhibiting their avant-garde abstracted works. In 1935, both Hepworth and Nicholson changed the Seven and Five Society prerequisites to pure abstracted work, leading to a growth in innovatory art. However, the outbreak of war led Hepworth and Nicholson to evacuate London and move to St Ives where they lived with Adrian Stokes and Margaret Mellis.

 

Drawing remained a key aspect of her creative outlet, allowing her to explore form which would later influence her sculptures. By the 1960’s many of these were produced in oil and pencil, sometimes as working studies but frequently as paintings in their own right.

 

Public commissions were abundant. In 1963 Winged Figure was unveiled on the John Lewis building in Oxford Street and the following year Single Form situated at the United Nations Secretariat was completed in memory of Dag Hammarskjold, the Secretary General of the United Nations. In 1968 Tate Gallery held a major retrospective of her work. Marlborough Galleries held one of her last exhibitions in 1974, before her death in 1975.